Storm Water Facts
Did you know we all live on a lake or stream? It's true - We might not be able to see it from our window, but it's there. It might be a small stream, ditch or even the storm drain in the street, yet all of these lead to a river or lake. Why is this important to you? Remember that what we do at home affects our rivers and lakes!
In Clarkston Community Schools, our water resources are one of the most important assets. Various creeks, streams, drains, and ditches stretch across our District boundaries and carry water to the Clinton River. Protection of these water resources is essential to the public health, quality of life and economic well being of all that live in the Metropolitan Detroit area.
Storm water is not necessarily cleaned before it empties into our waterways. This means that fertilizers, pet wastes, used oil/ antifreeze, plus other wastes run off from lawns, driveways, and parking lots enter untreated into our waterways. These items go straight into our local fish habitat, swimming areas and drinking water. But there are things individuals can do to reduce this problem. Small changes in our habits can make a big difference.
The school district, along with 170 other Southeast Michigan communities and agencies, are following a storm water permit process, which requires various activities to be undertaken to improve our storm water. To better understand this process an understanding of some simple terms are needed.
What is a Watershed? A watershed consists of all the land and waterways that drain into the same body of water. Understanding how water travels across the ground surface or other intercepting feature (tree, house, parking lot) and reaches a storm drain or stream is a critical component of watershed management. Water flows on a downward path to its eventual river and lake destination before it again moves into different phases of the hydrologic, or circulation, cycle.
What is a Subwatershed? A subwatershed is a smaller basin of a larger drainage area that all drains to a central point of the larger watershed. ?
What is Storm Water? Storm water is the rainfall or snowmelt that flows over our yards, streets, parking lots, and buildings and either enters the storm drain system or runs directly into a lake or stream.
What is a Storm Drain versus a Sanitary Sewer? Storm drains are the openings you see along curbs, in streets and parking lots. They carry away rainwater and snowmelt and transport it through to nearby lakes and streams. Water and other debris that enter storm drains do not go to a treatment facility. A sanitary sewer takes household water and waste from toilets, sinks and showers, and transports it to a wastewater treatment facility. There, the water is treated and discharged back to a lake or stream.
How Does Storm Water Get Polluted? As storm water flows over our lawns and driveways, it picks up fertilizers, oil, chemicals, sediments, grass clippings, litter, pet waste, and anything else in its path. The storm drain system then transports these pollutants, now in the water, to local lakes and streams. Anything that goes into a storm drain eventually ends up in a lake or stream.
What Is Polluting Our Storm Water? Pollutants from the roadways, lawns, construction sites, and carelessly discarded trash, (cigarette butts, paper wrappers, and plastic bottles, etc.), when deposited into nearby storm water sewers can impair the waterways, thereby discouraging recreational use, contaminating drinking water supplies, and interfering with habitat for fish and wildlife.
What Can I Do About Storm Water Pollution? Storm water pollution is caused by the daily activities of people everywhere. Practice healthy habits will help to keep common pollutants off the ground and out of storm water. Visit web sites, which contain valuable information and programs activities for water quality.
How Can You Help Improve The Water Quality In Your Area?
Increase Your Awareness Increase Your Activity Change Your Habits. Visit these web sites:
- Clinton River Watershed Council http://www.crwc.org/
- Southeast Michigan Council of Governments http://www.semcog.org
- Michigan Department of Environmental Quality www.michigan.gov/deq
- NO HAZ (Household Hazardous Waste Disposal) http://www.oakgov.com